Besides the drains that are attached to your plumbing fixtures, floor drains are installed in various parts of your home to help prevent surface water from building up in your property. These drains are usually found in areas where there is high water consumption, like in laundry rooms, bathrooms, and garages. Floor drains serve various purposes and have their own unique designs, but they are all made to carry water out of your home to avoid flooding. It also helps flush out standing water, which can cause moisture problems and health issues.
Some floor drains are designed to be installed in certain parts of your home, such as shower drains. Some can be interchangeable, and can be chosen depending on your preference. They differ in size, shape, and capacity, so you have to take note of how much water you expect to go through these drains before picking one for an area of your property.
Makings of Floor Drains
Common materials used in making floor drains are plastic high-density polyethylene or HDPE, which can handle acids and high temperatures, steel, which is durable and tough to break, and iron, which is stronger and usually found in industrial areas or high commercial use. Strainers, frames, and grates found inside the drains are usually made of nickel. Steel is also commonly used for grating, while cleanouts with covers are usually made of brass. Most residential and light commercial drain options are the same, so you just have to choose one with the capacity that would suit your needs.
Floor drains can come in two- to 12-inch diameters, though the average size is four inches. Most floor drains have strainers to prevent any solid waste or pests and insects to enter it. In different areas around your home, more than one floor drain is installed, especially if there is a fixture nearby that expels water. Also, a key point in installing floor drains is to make sure that it is located in a low sloping part of the room, to make sure water flows downward and goes into the drain properly.
Types of Floor Drains
One floor drain we always see in homes is the shower drain. They can be square, rectangular, or circular, depending on your preference, and they are usually sealed with a membrane to prevent leakage. For common shower areas, we usually see a floor drain that runs across a few units, one with a lengthy grate that stretches out to several showers.
Besides shower drains, universal floor drains are commonly used in different parts of your home. They can also be installed in showers or any finished floor surface, are either round or rectangular in shape, and have greater capacity. Meanwhile, an integral trap floor drain comes with two openings. It has a standard drain and also an opening called a floor level cleanout, where water passes through after entering the drain before going down the pipes. This type of floor drain is usually built above shallow sewer lines.
Some floor drains have very specific purposes, and are designed to carry different substances and help improve the sanitary condition in different areas. One of these is the indirect waste drain, which is connected to pipes that are made to carry waste out of your home. They are built with funnels, usually oblong, which catch waste from different waste pipes in the property. Another one is the flushing rim floor drain, which is usually found in industrial settings. It usually plays an important role in cleaning the room. It also has a separate pipe attached to the body of the drain, which supplies it with water and flushes out any waste that is stuck in the drain.