Archive for the ‘Drainage’ Category

Choosing Floor Drains for Your Home

floor drainBesides the drains that are attached to your plumbing fixtures, floor drains are installed in various parts of your home to help prevent surface water from building up in your property. These drains are usually found in areas where there is high water consumption, like in laundry rooms, bathrooms, and garages. Floor drains serve various purposes and have their own unique designs, but they are all made to carry water out of your home to avoid flooding. It also helps flush out standing water, which can cause moisture problems and health issues.

Some floor drains are designed to be installed in certain parts of your home, such as shower drains. Some can be interchangeable, and can be chosen depending on your preference. They differ in size, shape, and capacity, so you have to take note of how much water you expect to go through these drains before picking one for an area of your property.


Makings of Floor Drains

Common materials used in making floor drains are plastic high-density polyethylene or HDPE, which can handle acids and high temperatures, steel, which is durable and tough to break, and iron, which is stronger and usually found in industrial areas or high commercial use. Strainers, frames, and grates found inside the drains are usually made of nickel. Steel is also commonly used for grating, while cleanouts with covers are usually made of brass. Most residential and light commercial drain options are the same, so you just have to choose one with the capacity that would suit your needs.

Floor drains can come in two- to 12-inch diameters, though the average size is four inches. Most floor drains have strainers to prevent any solid waste or pests and insects to enter it. In different areas around your home, more than one floor drain is installed, especially if there is a fixture nearby that expels water. Also, a key point in installing floor drains is to make sure that it is located in a low sloping part of the room, to make sure water flows downward and goes into the drain properly.


Types of Floor Drains

One floor drain we always see in homes is the shower drain. They can be square, rectangular, or circular, depending on your preference, and they are usually sealed with a membrane to prevent leakage. For common shower areas, we usually see a floor drain that runs across a few units, one with a lengthy grate that stretches out to several showers.

Besides shower drains, universal floor drains are commonly used in different parts of your home. They can also be installed in showers or any finished floor surface, are either round or rectangular in shape, and have greater capacity. Meanwhile, an integral trap floor drain comes with two openings. It has a standard drain and also an opening called a floor level cleanout, where water passes through after entering the drain before going down the pipes. This type of floor drain is usually built above shallow sewer lines.

Some floor drains have very specific purposes, and are designed to carry different substances and help improve the sanitary condition in different areas. One of these is the indirect waste drain, which is connected to pipes that are made to carry waste out of your home. They are built with funnels, usually oblong, which catch waste from different waste pipes in the property. Another one is the flushing rim floor drain, which is usually found in industrial settings. It usually plays an important role in cleaning the room. It also has a separate pipe attached to the body of the drain, which supplies it with water and flushes out any waste that is stuck in the drain.


Joyce Del Rosario is a blogger from Toronto Plumber, one of the leading sites offering Plumber North York.

The Costs of a Wet or Flooded Basement

basement drainMoisture on the floors and walls of your basement is not a welcome occurrence, but it can actually happen. That is simply because your basement is directly built on soil, which as you already know may be snugly compounded and leaving voids for rain and ground water to seep through in. For that reason that it is preferable that basements are waterproofed when built. But of course, you wouldn’t know that especially if you bought the house and not built it on your own. Still, you can do the waterproofing even this late because the costs of a wet or flooded basement and its effects are definitely lower than the expenditures you need to put up with when you have to deal with a wrecked foundation or basement slab and walls.

But really, what could be the possible costs of a wet or flooded basement? Literally, this could mean a decent amount especially if there are fixture and appliances installed or left in the basement. On top of those things, you will need to preserve the finishing of the basement and apply waterproofing on the walls and floor slab. So if you would be doing it on your own, you can save a lot on the labor but will have to spend your hard earned $$$ to purchase a quality waterproofing compound like Hydroclay or Drylock among many others. You will also need a portable pump to get the water out of your basement, which you can purchase from the nearest power tools specialty store or rent one from your trusty handyman. You will also spend another sum of $$$ for the drying of your basement and the things that were there when the flooding happens.

You can also consider the health-related problems that a wet or flooded basement can cost you and your family. First of the many is the growth of unwanted yucky organisms on the flood water. Also, there is the chance of not being able to administer proper drying on your basement which will again welcome the instance of growing molds in there. These unwanted green elements can cause diseases that will affect you and your family’s respiratory health. On top of all these is the huge possibility of ending out with a dirty, prone to damage foundation of your house. Now, that is the worst thing that you may be put up with. This will surely require huge amount of money and short-term alteration on your daily routine because you have to keep out of the house until you are sure that the foundation is already restored and the house is already safe to live in once again.

With all these life changing costs of a wet or flooded basement you are looking at, you should be very keen in keeping water off your basement and foundation. And the only effective way you can eventually do that is by waterproofing it permanently. Do that by either applying a resin made especially for the purpose or by installing a drainage system.

Basic Steps of Basement Waterproofing

Drain SystemWaterproofing is one of the most important maintenances that you have to administer on your basement. This is the process of locking out water from your basement walls and flooring so as to ensure that they will last the service life that they were meant to be. Why you need to do this is basically because your original waterproofing material didn’t work out as expected.


If you wanted to be sure of the job you need to do, here are the basic steps in waterproofing:


Make an evaluation of the basement’s perimeter


In most cases, the reason why a waterproofing material becomes irregular faster than it is supposed to be is just because the natural setting of the soil around your place is not suited for the presence of alteration like your house. Soil that slopes towards your home or the foundation of your home allows water to eventually move towards your home, increasing the chances of the liquid to submerge your concrete and eventually make an intrusion. It is also a common mistake for home builders to use downspouts that are too short.


Preferably, downspouts are supposed to be at least 5 feet away from the foundation or the wall of your home. This way, water will not be able to pool too near, be absorbed by the soil next to your concrete and eventually makes its way back up the surface but instead, finds your foundation or concrete. Also, it is best to keep your plants at least a foot away from your foundation. If possible let it be planted in a sloping away manner so as not to direct water onto your foundation.


Choose the perfect waterproofing material or idea in reproofing your basement walls and flooring.


You see, there are a lot of waterproofing concepts you can select from theses days. You can choose the old use of a waterproofing applicant or do what modern homebuilders do today, installing drains, sumps, or pumps. If you wish the old fashion way of waterproofing your basement, you can purchase products waterproofing products over the counter. Choose a real proofing material rather than a sealer because it bonds better with the material you are trying to waterproof than the latter.


Should you choose to install drains, pumps, and sumps, you will have to choose from three processes:


  • The Hydroclay- The hydroclay is a waterproofing type of clay that fills in the voids around your foundation, which water uses to get into your concrete, and then pumped from the outside to permanently seal your foundation.


  • French drain- The French or perimeter drain is for more serious water leaks on your basement floor and walls. This requires cutting a foot of basement floor strip and digging a foot deep where the continuous piping system that runs along the perimeter of the basement, excavated right beneath the floor, will be installed.


  • The pump. It will also be completed with a sump and pump for draining purposes of the pipes.

Types of Drainage Systems Available

Home maintenance is one of the most expensive expenditures that you will be put up with when you own a house. And first of the things that you will have to look into is the basement because it will be the part of the house that is directly in contact with the soil beneath your house. And you know what it is like there. Soil is the part of your environment that has voids all over where rain and ground water can seep through and soften it. The worst situation that this can bring about is intrusion into your concrete foundation and eventually to your basement floor and walls. When that happens, you are definitely looking at a waterproofing job that has gone bad and so the appropriate maintenance should be done immediately.

Waterproofing problems such as this can only be remedied with either the application of waterproofing resin directly on the walls and the floor slab or installation of drainage systems. Both of these are effective solutions but if you want to permanently solve such problem, you need to eventually install one of the best types of drainage systems available for your house. In fact, there are three drainage systems types you can choose from:

The Hydroclay

A Hydroclay is a waterproofing resin that can absorb large amounts of moisture. It can be installed by pumping it into the voids of the soil, following the pathways that ground and rain waters use in getting into your house foundation and eventually the basement slab and walls. The Hydroclay is normally used in huge applications such as in waterproofing manholes, tunnels, dumps, and pits among so many others.

The French or Perimeter Drain

Another one of the most known and used types of drainage systems available is the French or perimeter drain. This waterproofing system is consist of continuous piping system that goes beneath the perimeter of your basement flooring and then connected to a sump and pump that will discharge the drained water. To install this system, a foot wide of basement floor strip needs to be cut around the perimeter of the basement. This will also require a foot trench to be dug on that wide strip. The piping system will be laid onto that trench but just before that a layer of gravel should be compacted to it. To complete the installation, another layer of gravel needs to be poured onto the laid out pipes and topped with concrete mixture for support. Eventually, this has to be finished to preserve the original appearance of the basement floor.


sump pump drainageThe types of drainage systems available for your home maintenance cannot be complete without the classic sump system. This is simply a pump installed beneath the basement floor with a discharge connected all the way out of the structure. It works when the water rises too high in the pump kicking it on and eventually draws water off the sump and discharges it out in at least 10 or more feet away from your structure.

The Benefits of a French Drain

French Drain in basementThe French Drain, invented in the 1850s, has been around for decades used specifically to usher water away from buildings and basements, and avoid excess and terrible erosion problems on properties ranging from residential to commercial. In fact, there are several benefits of a French drain that can work wonders when it comes to keeping your house or business free and clear from water issues, and water-related damage:

Removes Extra Moisture

Obviously, like any drain, the French drain is going to work to remove water and get moisture away from the building. But the French drain is designed specifically to work on houses that are built at the bottom or sides of hills, and can be extremely valuable when it comes to creating a place to keep your home dry and your foundation safe.

Options for Drainage

Unlike typical drainage and storage instances that make you collect rain in specific areas around your yard or house, a French drain can be set up so it takes water from an area you don’t want moisture, and pushes it down towards an area that needs more moisture. You can, for example, transport water from your home down to your garden very easily and economically with a French drain set up.

Economical and Efficient Options

French drains use the benefits of the physics surrounding your house and land to work perfectly, and as such, they are much more economical and cost-efficient when compared with other drains from other areas or other systems. For people with complicated irrigation problems, or who are working on a tight budget, French drains can be phenomenal when it comes to picking out and creating the best options for drainage within a tight financial outlook.

Quick Installations!

One of the biggest benefits of a French drain is the quick installation that takes place with the materials. It won’t take months, or even weeks, to install a French drain, and you won’t need to uproot your entire house or backyard just to do it. For people who need an effective drainage system quickly, French drains work wonders when it comes to getting the job done and keeping your house and foundation dry in just a matter of days’ time.

When it comes down to it, French drains just make sense. If you live at or near the bottom of a hill, or around an elevation change of any kind, chances are you are having water accumulate in parts that you shouldn’t around the house. Don’t let that get you down, and definitely don’t let that affect your home; make it so that a French drain eases all your worries and dry foundation issues.

In time, you’ll find out how much piece of mind you’ve restored, and how much money you’ve saved using a simple idea like a French drain to re-channel water and avoid run off right into your home or other building. And before you know it, water will be the last thing on your mind!